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  • Writer's pictureMiG

Unlocking the Art of Photography Composition: Essential Tips, Rules and Techniques

One of my favourite things to do is to create. Sometimes I can just stay awake half of the night thinking how I am going to do one or the other arrangement. I find it quite challenging but exciting at the same time. I often forget what surrounds me and time usually flies by very

quickly. So lets talk about what is a composition first.

What is a composition in a photography?

In simple words, composition is how we position the objects for the photograph that we are planning to take. It is important to have a good composition to guide the viewer through the picture. I often think about the arrangement and lay it out in my head but when it comes to actually taking photographs I often need to rearrange subjects.

It is no secret that there are some rules you should follow when it comes to photography compositions. I use them too. I experiment, take a lot of photos from different angles and not always get it right but most importantly I really enjoy it. I hope you will too!

So, what are these photography rules?

These are the main rules I use to get the best out of my photographs:

  1. The rule of thirds - I usually visualise the grid on my camera screen and place the important objects of my composition along those lines. It works well when I take photographs of a landscape or still- life photography.

  2. Leading lines - I take advantage of the objects and lines in my landscape photography. Anything can serve as a leading line - road, river, bridge, path, fence and they don't have to be straight.

  3. Framing - I used a rocky wall of a castle to frame the sea view or tree branches to draw attention to the bench at the beach.

  4. Fill the frame - I absolutely love to get closer to my objects which takes up a big portion of the whole image. That way you can focus on the main object and explore every detail without being distracted by it's surroundings.

  5. Unusual point of view - I tend to experiment and get down on my knees, lay down or stand up on something looking down at the object. It gives a completely new view to the image and the outcome can be very unexpected.

  6. Symmetry - balancing symmetrical things in the image is also something I do unconsciously. It will take longer to observe a photograph as it will have a lot more details but it will get you curious.

  7. Simplification - I use one object in the image and make a blurry background for my flower photographs. It helps the flower to stand out and get the focus straight on the main object without any distractions in the background.

  8. Horizontal or Vertical - I naturally go for horizontal frame whether its a landscape or floral photograph. I should however occasionally remember and go for a vertical frame. As I say, you never know - the outcome might surprise you.

It is absolutely your choice whether to follow these tips, rules and techniques or experiment and find your own ''signature''. I tend to do both and most importantly enjoy the whole process.

Take a look at the gallery below where you will find Migs compositions which were made throughout the years from the first image to the latest one.


Flower and nature photographer designer Mig offers exquisite composition photographs which are professionally printed on high quality paper, can also be customised for any occasion and turned into personalised greeting cards, calendars, fridge magnets, planners and digital downloads.

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